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About Aristotle

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Aristotle (384-322 BC) was an Greek philosopher, who advocated reason and moderation.

Aristotle maintained that sense experience is our only source of knowledge, and that by reasoning we can discover the essences of things, that is, their distinguishing qualities.

In his works on ethics and politics, Aristotle suggested that human happiness consists in living in conformity with nature. He derived his political theory from the recognition that mutual aid is natural to humankind, and refused to set up any one constitution as universally ideal. ,

Of Aristotle's works some 22 treatises survive, dealing with logic, metaphysics, physics, astronomy, meteorology, biology, psychology, ethics, politics, and literary criticism.

Born in Stagira in Thrace, he studied in Athens, became tu tor to Alexander the Great, and in 335 opened a school in the Lyceum (grove sacred to Apollo) in Athens.

It became known as the "peripatetic school" because he walked up and down as he talked, and his works are a collection of his lecture notes.

When Alexander died, Aristotle was forced to flee to Chalcis, where he died.

In the Middle Ages, Aristotle's philosophy first became the foundation of Islamic philosophy, and was then incorporated into Christian theology; medieval scholars tended to accept his vast output without question.

He is sometimes referred to as "the Staguite", after his birthplace.

Tags: philosopher, knowledge, politics, moderation, reason

Category: Others  - ( Others Archive)

Date Added: 04 October '11

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