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About Johann Sebastian Bach

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Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) was an German composer. His appointments included positions at the courts of Weimar and Anhalt-Kother, and from 1723 until his death, he was musical director at Saint Thomas's choir school in Leipzig.

Bach was a master of counterpoint, and his music epitomizes the Baroque polyphonic style. His orchestral music includes the six Brandenburg Concertos, other concertos for clavier and for violin, and four orchestral suites. Bach's keyboard music, for clavier and for organ, his fugues and his choral music are of equal importance. He also wrote chamber music and songs.

Born at Eisenach, he came from a distinguished musical family. At 15 he became a chorister at Luneburg, and at 19 he was organist at Arnstadt. Bach married twice and had over 20 children, ( although several died in infancy). His second wife, Anna Magdalena Wulkens, was a soprano; she also acted as his amanuensis when his sight failed in later years.

Bach's sacred music includes 200 church cantatas, the Easter and Christmas oratorios, the two great Passions, of St Matthew and St John, and the Mass in B minor. His keyboard music includes a collection of 48 preludes and fugues known as the Well-Tempered Clavier, the Goldberg Variations, and the Italian Concerto. Of his organ music the most important examples are the chorale preludes.

Two works written in his later years illustrate the principles and potential of his polyphonic art - the Musical Offering and The Art of Fugue.

Tags: composer, orchestral music, art

Category: Others  - ( Others Archive)

Date Added: 07 October '11

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