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China Longest Sea Bridge

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China Longest Sea Bridge Hangzhou Bay Bridge is a long highway bridge with a cable-stayed portion across Hangzhou Bay in the eastern coastal region of China. It connects the municipalities of Jiaxing and Ningbo in Zhejiang province. At 35.673 km (22 mi) in length, Hangzhou Bay Bridge is the longest trans-oceanic bridge in the world, but it does not have the longest cable-stayed main span. It is also second in the world in overall length, with the Lake Pontchartrain Causeway in the United States being 2.8 kilometers longer. Construction of the bridge was completed on June 14, 2007 and an opening ceremony was held on June 26, 2007 to great domestic media fanfare. But the bridge was not opened to public use until May 1, 2008 after a considerable period of testing and evaluation. The bridge shortened the highway trave l distance between Ningbo and Shanghai by 120 km (75 mi) from 400 km (249 mi) and reduced travel time from 4 to 2.5 hours.

The bridge across the Hangzhou Bay was the subject of various feasibility studies over a decade before the final plans were approved in 2003. Construction started in November 2003.

An earlier plan placed the bridge further east, closer to the mouth of the bay, which provided an even shorter travel distance between Ningbo and Shanghai. Under this plan, the bridge would begin in the north from Jinshan, a suburb belonging to Shanghai. The government of Shanghai rejected the plan, and focused on building the 32.5 km (20 mi)-long Donghai Bridge from Shanghai to its off-shore port at Yangshan in the mouth of the bay. The Shanghai government sought to feature Yangshan as the chief port on China's east coast, and refused to allow a cross-bay bridge to be built on its territory, which would improve access to the Port of Ningbo at Beilun. The Hangzhou Bay Bridge connects Cixi, a local-level city that is part of Ningbo Municipality with Haiyan, a county in Jiaxing Municipality. The Hangzhou Bay Bridge has significantly shortened driving distance between Ningbo and the Yangtze River Delta region and improved the competitiveness of the Beilun Port.

by FW Editor

Tags: china, bridge, sea

Category: Travel  - ( Travel Archive)

Date Added: 20 May '10

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