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Education patterns for students with disabilities

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Education patterns for students with disabilities A good education is a ticket to success in our society; it is a predictor of success in later life, in terms of employment, income, and independence.

Students with disabilities are entitled to special education, or specially designed instruction, to meet the unique needs of the child. There is a perception that students with disabilities should have a separate system, called special education, that will address all their needs. There is are separate classes for them, separate teachers for them, special rights for them, etc.

But when we pause and compare the outcome indicators for students with disabilities and indicators for students without disabilities, it appears that students with disabilities are significantly lagging behind their peers without disabilities, because a great de al of all persons with disabilities did not finish high school.
Simply assuring that services are present or placing students with disabilities into general classrooms is no longer good enough.

At Salamanca conference (1994) about education, two general objectives has been identified:

- education should be ensured for all children, no matter their abilities;
- quality of the education is a main objective, in order to assure the success of the system.
In fact, education of students with disabilities in integrated school settings has been enacted in many countries.

Reasons for full integration are based on an equal rights principle, a strong distaste for segregation and all it implies, and evidence of poor outcomes for students with disabilities who have been educated in segregated classrooms and facilities

To ensure that new orientation, changes are needed in components as: education, school, society and individuals. The challenge of improving the education of students with disabilities is one that can only be successfully met when a range of public organizations, professionals, parents and students join in partnership to respond.

Officials in many countries agreed that students with disabilities should now receive their education with nonhandicapped peers to the maximum extent possible. As a rule, regular education teachers do not receive training in pedagogical techniques for students with disabilities. If so, a great responsability lies on regular teachers which should refine their aptitude for a good communication with students, including clarity, accessibility, the direct message and the correct environment.

1. Many people, educators, administrators, parents, and students, tend to think of special education as an array of special services delivered in separate classrooms by special educators, trained in how to assist students with disabilities.
2. Another option is for the students to be served in the regular classroom for a majority of the school day, but attend a "resource room" for specialized instruction. A resource-room program is under the direction of a qualified special educator,.

Special educators should begin exploring way of sharing their expertise with regular teachers.Working as teams. special educators and regular educators can combine their expertise for the benefit of all students.

3. The mobile teacher pattern is another alternative which ensure the possibility for students with disabilities to attend normal school, along with their assistance at home by special mobile educators. The pattern present the advantage of law costs, the students can attend a normal school (the closest one) and, in the same time, they can stay along with their parents and their communities.

From our personal experience, including students with disabilities teaching, we should like to emphasize the following:

- the regular educator has to improve their teaching abilities and to express affection for this category of students;
- the students should be constantly encouraged for their efforts;
- the teacher has to use the most appropriate methods in order to be understood;
- as well, he should find the correct strategy to ensure the proper educational environment in the class.

Tags: education, disabilities, students

Category: Education  - ( Education Archive)

Date Added: 23 September '08

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