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Gallbladder Inflammation

 Q:   Ask a Question about Gallbladder Inflammation       
Gallbladder Inflammation Inflammation of gallbladder is known as cholecystitis.There are two types: Acute cholecystitis which occur in very ill patients and chronic cholecystitis which occurs when gall bladder remains swollen for long period of time.


Path physiology i.e. how cholecystitis develops: Usually cholecystitis is associated with gall stones. The gall stones or a stricture obstructs the passage of bile from cystic duct to hepatic duct.

Hence stasis of bile occurs in gall bladder. Hence gall bladder lining becomes inflamed. Hence over period of time it thickens. Thus the ability of gall bladder to store and concentrate bile decreases.

Symptoms of cholecystitis:
ACUTE CHOLCYSTITIS:

- Symptoms usually appear after large fatty meals.

- Severe pain is present in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen which can be referred to the lower part of right shoulder blade.

- With time the pain becomes unbearable and is associated with nausea and vomiting

- Fever and jaundice may also be present
- CHRONIC CHOLECYSTITIS:
- The symptoms are similar to acute attack but in a mild form.
- Mild consistent abdominal pain is present.
- Indigestion and belching are also common

Pains due to acute cholecystitis fade within 2 or 3 days and disappear by a week. However if it persists for more than a week one should consult a doctor. As complications like gangrene or perforation of gall bladder may have arise. Symptoms associated with complications are fever, chills and high blood count.

In pregnancy due to growing size of fetus it may push the stomach and intestine upwards and cholecystitis results. It is physiological. Symptoms include abnormal intestinal movement, stomach emptying and stasis of bile. It is 2nd most common non-obstructive surgical condition in pregnancy after appendicitis.

Treatment:

Hospitalization is a must and after that patient should be kept absolutely nil by mouth. He shouldn't be given liquid or solid food by mouth. Energy should be provided to him by intravenous fluids.

If attacks of cholecystitis is common and recurrent than go for surgical removal of gall bladder that is cholecystectomy.

In case of diet eat fat free food and spicy food.

By FW Editor


Tags: health, treatment, symptoms



Category: Health  - ( Health Archive)

Date Added: 16 February '10


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