How do we taste things? - FamousWhy
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How do we taste things?

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How do we taste things? Most of the sense of taste takes place on the tongue. The tongue is covered with small bumps, called taste buds, that are grouped together in areas with different functions.

These taste buds react to some simple tastes and pass messages to the brain. Taste buds on the tip of the tongue detect sweet tastes, and those at the back of the tongue detect bitter taste (the 'aftertaste' you get after swallowing something bitter).

Groups of taste buds at the side of the tongue measure sour and salty tastes. The taste of any food is a combination of these four basic tastes. You have about 10,000 taste buds on your tongue.

You will gradually lose them as you grow older, which is one reason why elderly people may no longer enjoy their food so much. There are distinct regions on the tongue where the main tastes are recognized.

Why do hot foods taste better?

Hot foods taste better because the heat causes more of the pleasant smells to rise into the nose. These abundant smells contribute to the total taste of the food.
Smells enter the cavity behind the nose when you inhale.

They also rise up from the back of the mouth as you eat, which is why smell is such an important part of enjoying food.


Tags: tongue, taste, food



Category: Education  - ( Education Archive)

Date Added: 22 December '11


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