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Past Of Hybrid Cars

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Past Of Hybrid Cars As the climate change debate grips the world car manufacturers have started searching for replacing fossil fuels as the major source of energy. Rising and often instable fuel prices coupled with environment issues have also contributed considerably. Electric vehicles once used to stage themselves as the most viable solution to the above problems. But government interventions accompanied by mighty oil companies resulted in their early death. Now-a-days hybrid cars are being seen as a suitable alternative.

The history of hybrid cars dates back to early 1900s. In 1901 "Mixte" a car by Ferdinand Porsche started the trend. It used a gasoline engine coupled with electric hub motors. The "mixte" had a miniature battery pack for a reliable performance. It was also a manly machine which broke se veral records.

In 1915 "Dual Power" was conceptualized as a hybrid technology. Woods Motor Vehicle Company, which actually specialized in making electric cars. Below 15 miles per hour, the electric motor acted as the sole mover. Increasing speeds caused the car use its gasoline powered engine.

A lack of funding and support from oil companies or some of the larger car companies; sterilized the growth of hybrid cars. In 1960s and 1970s, the development of hybrid cars once increased pace in the form of Victor Wouk and his conversion of a Buick Skylark into a direct-current electric motor with a Mazda rotary engine for hybrid capabilities. When tested at the Environmental Protection Agency's emissions testing lab the results showed a twice improved fuel economy with low emission rates.

Various issues however hindered the large scale distribution of Wouk's hybrid car. In spite of the fact that potential of hybrid cars was well proved in history they were the secondary priorities of major manufacturers.

Political aspects such as government and oil power houses mutual interests have been sought as the reason for the lack of marketing and production of hybrid cars. But with environmental concerns reaching its peak and depleting oil resources, hybrid cars are emerging as the savior of the car companies which have accelerated their research and development activities pertaining to hybrid technology. In fact Toyota Prius, Honda civic, Ford escape etc. are the results of such efforts.

by FW Editor

Tags: auto, electric cars, oil, hybrid

Category: Automotive  - ( Automotive Archive)

Date Added: 19 January '10

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