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Population conference learns from the past

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Population conference learns from the past by Cristina Nuta -

In Brasil there has been a population conference, whose aim was for countries from each continent to look back at past experience and to learn from them for the future.

Population problems are different in different parts of the world. For example, in many European countries the population is getting older. The birth rate is very low because many young people have only one child or none at all. They prefer to have one baby because of economical problems or just because they don't want to take care of many children. Young parents want to have also time to enjoy themselves and not stay home and take care of children. People, are living longer, too. On average, men live to seventy-six and women to seventy-eight. By 2050 around 25% of the population of some European co untries will be over sixty years old.

This change has happened very fast- within two generations. If governments have expected this change, they would have encouraged people to prepare more for old age. At the moment many old people are very lonely and often very poor. If people had expected to live so long they would probably have saved more money for their retirement.

In Africa, the problem of the future will be very different. There, the population is doubling every twenty-four years. Many families continue to have large numbers of children to look after older people and to help on the land. However, better medical services have increased life expectancy and more children survive to become adults. Research shows that the size of the family is connected with the standard of women's education. If more girls had gone to school in the last twenty years, family size in Africa would probably not have continued to be so big.

In contrast, the problem in Asia is not just population growth but also overcrowding in many cities. Traditionally, most people have lived in the countryside, but within the next twenty-five years more than 65% will live in the cities. If Asian countries had expected this kind of change twenty years ago, they would have tried to provide more work and better education in the countryside. This is starting to happen now, but it may be too late.
Population conference learns from the past written by Cristina Nuta for FamousWhy.com
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Tags: population, conference, learn, from, past, brasil, countries



Category: Travel  - ( Travel Archive)

Date Added: 09 March '07


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