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Short Biography of Claude Monet

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Claude Monet (1840-1926) was a French painter, a pioneer of Impressionism and a lifelong exponent of its ideals; his painting Impression, Sunrise in 1872 gave the movement its name.

In the 1870s he began painting the same subjects at different times of day to explore the effects of light on colour and form; the Haystacks and Rouen Cathedral series followed in the 1890s, and from 1899 a series of Water Lilies painted in the garden of his house at Givemy in Normandy.

Monet was born in Paris. In Le Havre in the 1850s he was encouraged to paint by Boudin, and soon met Jongkind, whose light and airy seascapes were of lasting influence. From 1862 in Paris he shared a studio with Renoir, Sisley, and others, and they showed their work together at the First Impressionist Exhibition in 1874.

Monet's work from the 1860s onwards reveals an obsession with the evanescent effects of light and colour, and from the late 1860s he painted in the classic Impressionist manner, juxtaposing brushstrokes of colour to create an effect of dappled, glowing light.

His first series showed the Gare Saint Lazare in Paris with its puffing steam engines. Views of the water garden in Giverny gradually developed into large, increasingly abstract colour compositions. Between 1900 and 1909 he produced a series of water-lily mural panels for the French state (the Orangerie, Paris).

Tags: painter, impressionism, compositions

Category: Others  - ( Others Archive)

Date Added: 21 May '12

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