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Types of human diseases

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Types of human diseases Our health is affected by our habits and our food intake. Whenever the body stops functioning in the regular pattern, it causes lack of easiness and leads to problems which we call disease.

The word itself says it is the opposite of ease, without ease. Thus, disease is a state of the human body in which the functioning of the human body or its certain organs is impaired due to some reasons.

Diseases are broadly classified into two categories: communicable and non communicable diseases.

The communicable diseases are those, as the name itself suggests, that can be spread from one person to the other. There are many agents that spread these diseases.

They are mostly air, polluted water, food, various insects, etc. These diseases are mostly caused by the invasion of viruses or bacteria and when these viruses replicate, the disease reaches an acute stage.

Sometimes these diseases may be fatal. As the viruses of these diseases transfer from one host to the other, and they can be infected, they are also called infectious diseases.

They are: creating proper facilities of sanitation, supply of pure drinking water, avoid eating stale or open food, use of insect repellents, keeping the surroundings clean, etc. The common examples of communicable diseases are typhoid, diarrhoea, jaundice, malaria, influenza, etc. Rabies and AIDS could be fatal and they have no cure.

The non communicable diseases cannot be spread from person to person as they are caused due to deficiency of certain vitamins and minerals in the diet of the person. The inadequate amount of vitamins in the diet leads to retardation in the proper growth and development of the individual thus leading to a deficiency disease.

The common instances of deficiency diseases are night blindness (vitamin A), beriberi (vitamin B), scurvy (vitamin C), goitre (iodine), anaemia (iron), rickets (vitamin D), and many more. There are no preventive measures for these diseases but they can surely be avoided by the taking a balanced diet.

Hence, to maintain good health and live a longer and healthier life, it is necessary to save ourselves from these diseases.

By FW Editor


Tags: health, diseases, viruses



Category: Health  - ( Health Archive)

Date Added: 22 January '10


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