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What was the Blitz?

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What was the Blitz? When the Germans realized that the British defences were too strong for their aircraft, they tried to destroy British industry. They hoped to damage the morale of the British population by night bombing of the cities. This period of bombing followed the Battle of Britain, and large areas in Britain's industrial cities were devastated.

However, the bombing did not have the expected effect, because many factories had already moved to safer areas. The morale of the British people did not crack. Once the RAF had built up a stock of suitable heavy bombers they bombed cities up and down Germany at night, while the Americans bombed them during the day.

The greatest military operation ever carried out was the invasion of Europe by the Allied forces in 1944, when millions of troops were ferri ed across the Channel and landed from makeshift floating harbours on the shores of France.

World War II killed more people than any war in history. The fighting spread to nearly every part of the world and included nearly 60 different nations.

How did the Allies invade Europe?

The Americans entered the war in 1941 after being attacked by Germany's ally Japan. At this time a huge military build-up began in England.The Germans knew that the Allies planned to invade Europe, but they were tricked into thinking the Allies would cross the Channel at the narrowest point. Instead the Allies landed in Normandy, which was not heavily defended.

What was the Holocaust?

As part of their policy to 'purify' the German race and to make space in the conquered territories, the Nazis had a deliberate plan to exterminate the Jews. They rounded them up and shipped them to concentration camps. Some were put to work in the camps but the young and the very old were killed in mass executions. The process became known as the Holocaust when the dreadful evidence was discovered by the Allies.

Tags: defence, british, world war, military

Category: Education  - ( Education Archive)

Date Added: 04 January '12

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