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Short Biography of Oscar Wilde

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Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (1854-1900) was a Irish writer. With his flamboyant style and quotable conversation, he dazzled London society and, on his lecture tour in 1882, the USA.

He published his only novel The Picture of Dorian Gray in 1891, followed by witty plays including A Woman of No Importance in 1893 and The Importance of Being Earnest in 1895. In 1895 he was imprisoned for two years for homosexual offences; he died in exile.

Wilde was born in Dublin and studied at Dublin and Oxford, where he became known as a supporter of the Aesthetic movement ("Art for art's sake"). He published Poems in 1881, and also wrote fairy tales and other stories, criticism, and a long, anarchic political essay, "The Soul of Man Under Sodalism" in 1891.

His elegant sodal comedies in clude Lady Windermere's Fan in 1892 and An Ideal Husband in 1895. The drama Salome (1893), based on the biblical character, was written in French; considered scandalous by the British censor, it was first performed in Paris in 1896 with the actress Sarah Bernhardt in the title role.

Among his lovers was Lord Alfred Douglas, whose father provoked Wilde into a lawsuit that led to his sodal and finandal ruin and imprisonment. The long poem Ballad of Reading Gaol in 1898 and a letter published as De Profundis in 1905 were written in jail to explain his side of the relationship. After his release from prison in 1897, he lived in France, and is buried in Paris.

Tags: writer, society, criticism, aesthetic

Category: Others  - ( Others Archive)

Date Added: 06 July '12

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